Post link 02 September 2016, 16:27
Read our guide to determine what could be the matter

One in four experiences things such as constipation or diarrhoea at least once a month, a survey of 2,000 adults revealed
We all suffer from a dodgy tummy every now and again or problems on the loo. But nearly a third of Brits believe they actually have a serious gut issue.
One in four experiences things such as constipation or diarrhoea at least once a month, a survey of 2,000 adults revealed.

The poll, released ahead of Gut Week 2016, also found other regular complaints include ­indigestion (28%), heartburn (26%) and abdominal pain (24%).
Dr Anton Emmanuel, consultant ­gastroenterologist at University College Hospital in London says: “With so many in Britain experiencing ­symptoms of poor gut health, it’s important to raise awareness of digestive health issues and chronic conditions and encourage sufferers to seek medical advice in order to treat any conditions before they get worse.”

So check out our guide and see if your tummy is trying to tell you something.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Do you suffer from tummy trouble? What could be the matter?
Could your symptoms be irritable bowel syndrome

What is it? IBS is a gastrointestinal ­condition affecting as many as one in five Brits. It’s a functional disorder so an X-ray of the gut would show no obvious problem. It’s thought the gut is simply more sensitive but experts don’t know why.

Symptoms: Abdominal pain/discomfort with frequent diarrhoea or constipation, bloating and wind.

What causes it? IBS could be triggered by an infection such as ­gastroenteritis or overuse of antibiotics or certain drugs, typically anti-inflammatories. There’s also evidence that those affected have increased sensitivity to external stimuli, such as stress.

Deal with it: There is no cure but symptoms can be managed and calmed with lifestyle measures, such as altering diets and reducing stress. Anti-spasmodic medication may also be prescribed.

Visit The IBS Network (theibsnetwork.org).

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

What is it? IBD is a bracket-term for two chronic inflammatory intestinal diseases – ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.

Symptoms: A change in bowel habits (urgent and or bloody diarrhoea), abdominal pain, weight loss, and extreme tiredness.

What causes it? Ulcerative colitis is caused when the inner lining of the intestine becomes inflamed and, as a result, develops ulcers while Crohn’s disease affects not only the lining of the intestine but can also spread to the entire bowel wall. Genetics and smoking can also be contributing factors.

Deal with it: Once IBD has been diagnosed, through stool sampling, barium X-rays, CT scans and a colonoscopy, it is commonly treated with anti-inflammatory medications such as immunosuppressants and ­corticosteroids, which inhibit harmful immune system activities.

In some cases, surgery may be required to remove the inflamed section of the intestine.

Gastroenteritis

What is it? Gastroenteritis – or gastric flu , stomach flu and food poisoning – is inflammation of the stomach and intestines.

Symptoms: Stomach cramps with repeated diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting, sometimes ­accompanied by headaches and a high temperature.

What causes it? A virus, such as the ­norovirus, or food that has not been cooked properly, stored at the right temperature, cross ­contaminated or eaten past its use-by date.

Deal with it: In the majority of cases, ­gastroenteritis will work its way out of your body without the need for medical treatment so sufferers are advised to drink fluids, eat plain food, such as toast, and rest. Over-the-counter oral-rehydration ­solutions and ­anti-nausea medication can be helpful.

See your doctor if your symptoms are severe or last longer than a few days.

Gallstones

Contact lenses could release DRUGS to treat glaucoma and stop millions from losing their sight

Do you suffer from tummy trouble? What could be the matter?
Could it be gallstones

What is it? Stones caused when the ­digestive juice bile, stored in the gall bladder, contains too much cholesterol and solidifies.

Symptoms: Sporadic episodes of severe pain on the right side under the ribs that may radiate to the centre of the back or shoulder blades – possibly with vomiting, raised temperature, yellowing skin and/or whites of the eyes, shivering and itchy skin.

What causes it? It’s thought that gallstones develop because of an imbalance in the chemical composition of bile inside the gallbladder. A high-cholesterol diet may be a factor.

Deal with it: Some gallstones don’t need treatment whereas others may need to be removed surgically or via an endoscope.
Coeliac Disease

What is it? Coeliac disease is an ­autoimmune disease, not an allergy or food intolerance, caused by a reaction to gluten – a protein found in wheat, rye and barley.

Symptoms: Stomach pain, wind, ­constipation and bloating

What causes it? The immune system
sees gluten as a threat to the body and attacks it, causing damage to the small intestine.

Deal with it: There is no cure. Blood tests and a biopsy will confirm diagnosis and then a strict gluten-free diet is needed.

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD)

Do you suffer from tummy trouble? What could be the matter?Make sure you eat the right foods

What is it? This is where stomach acid leaks out of the stomach and into the ­oesophagus – the food pipe that runs from the mouth to the stomach.

Symptoms: Heartburn, dysphagia (difficulty swallowing) and an unpleasant sour taste in the mouth.

What causes it? The most common cause is a weakened lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS), which allows stomach acid back into the oesophagus. Risk factors for this include obesity, a high-fat diet, being pregnant or an excessive consumption of alcohol, tobacco, chocolate or coffee.

Deal with it: Changing your diet and ­medications, such as antacids, PPIs ­(proton pump inhibitors) and H2-receptor ­antagonists (H2RAs) can really help. In some cases, surgery may be required.

Constipation

What is it? This is the inability to pass stools regularly or empty your bowels completely and can vary from one-off experiences to chronic, long-term constipation.

Symptoms: Bloated abdomen, cramps, nausea and loss of appetite.

What causes it? Not eating enough fibre – we should have 18g a day – and not drinking enough fluids, ignoring the urge to pass stools and anxiety or depression can all contribute.

Deal with it: Making lifestyle and diet changes and regular ­exercise can ease ­constipation. Some people need ­laxatives in
the short-term. Talk to your pharmacist.

Lactose Intolerance

Do you suffer from tummy trouble? What could be the matter?
Milk

What is it? This is the inability to absorb the natural sugar found in milk – lactose – because your body lacks enough of the enzymelactase to break it down.

Symptoms: Bloating and looser stools after having milk or other dairy products, such as yoghurt and cheese.

What causes it? It runs in families and can also be triggered by some digestive ­conditions, which seem to decrease the production of lactase.

Deal with it: Try cutting out dairy products; if your symptoms return when dairy is consumed again, then you should switch to a low-lactose diet.

Peptic ulcer

Do you suffer from tummy trouble? What could be the matter?
Could it be a peptic ulcer


What is it? Also known as gastric ulcers, these are open sores that develop in the stomach lining, although they can also form further along the intestine.

Symptoms: A burning pain in the centre of the abdomen.

What causes it? One of the two triggers are H.pylori bacteria infections, which are common and it’s possible to be infected without knowing, as there are no symptoms. The other trigger is the overuse of ­non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and aspirin.

Deal with it: See your GP, who can prescribe antibiotics for H.pylori and proton pump inhibitors – if NSAIDs are the cause – which will reduce gastricproduction.

WHEN TO WORRY

Although digestive symptoms are usually harmless, if they persist, they could signal serious illness such as bowel cancer, warns Dr Emmanuel.

So, see your doctor if you have taken a pharmacy remedy for a digestive problem for two weeks with no improvement or you have one of these five ‘hardcore’ symptoms:

    • A sudden, persistent change in the pattern of how your bowels work.
    • Bleeding from the back passage.
    • Increasing heartburn, indigestion or other stomach pain.
    • Losing weight unexpectedly.
    • Difficulty swallowing.

How to maintain good gut health


Do you suffer from tummy trouble? What could be the matter?
Think twice about your vices


1. Eat properly

Eat slowly, chew thoroughly and sit upright for effective digestion. Eat at least two hours before bed, don’t skip meals and drink plenty of fluids – but be careful with fibre. Although it’s good for stimulating the bowel, it can also cause bloating and excessive gas in some people with IBS, says Dr Emmanuel.
Dried fruits, such as apricots, figs and prunes may be a better solution for constipation, he suggests, because they contain soluble fibre, which turns to a gel in the stomach and binds with other digestible material, therefore softening stools.

2. Beware FODMAPs

“These are sugars that are incompletely absorbed in the small intestine but travel down to the large intestine or colon where they are fermented — releasing gas and causing bloating,” explains Dr Nick Read, gastroenterologist and Chair of the IBS Network (theibsnetwork.org).
FODMAP foods include onions, pears, apples and stone fruits – such as peaches and plums – and vegetables such as broccoli, sprouts, cabbage and spring onions.
Try fruit and vegetables that are better tolerated, such as bananas, kiwi and citrus fruits, potatoes, courgettes, carrots and parsnips.

3. Beat stress

“Stress takes blood away from the digestive system, drying up the secretions that help us digest food and also sending the muscles into spasm, hence that stomach ache,” explains Dr Read.
“Avoid eating when you’re stressed and build healthy stress relievers into your lifestyle.
“You could try relaxing with a book, going for a swim or having a massage.”

4. Get moving

Exercise is vital for good digestive health but don’t overdo it – strenuous activity can exacerbate symptoms, such as diarrhoea. And time it right.
If you exercise within two hours of eating a meal, then not only will you feel sluggish but the exercise will inhibit digestion causing digestive symptoms such as nausea or abdominal cramping.

5. Mind your medicines

Certain medicines can cause – and exacerbate – digestive problems, says Dr Emmanuel.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, should be avoided if you have an ulcer or you get indigestion. Certain tranquillisers, painkillers, iron tablets and cough medicines can cause constipation, while antibiotics and blood pressure pills can trigger diarrhoea.
Talk to your GP about side effects and alternatives.

6. Think twice about your vices

Smoking triggers and aggravates peptic ulcers and inflammatory conditions of the bowel and increases the risk of stomach cancer, says Dr Emmanuel.
Binge drinking increases acid production, also causing heartburn and exacerbating digestive disorders.

7. Cut back on meat


Although a great source of protein, meat can ferment in the gut, resulting in the production of toxins.
Have bacon, ham, sausages and salami as an occasional treat and eat no more than one 80g portion (the size of a pack of cards) of beef, lamb or pork per day. Try to eat fish every other day instead.



19:29, 29 Aug 2016 By Michele O'Connor mirror.co.uk

http://www.mastakongo.com/news/images/arrow-blue-right.pngNEXT - Milk protein found in cockroaches might solve food shortages


You Lie Because You Are Scared