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17 February 2018, 17:07
The 20th century has seen its share of dictators, rulers with absolute power, who ran their countries for decades while brutally oppressing any potential opposition. Cuba’s Fidel Castro, for one, was in power for 52 years, while North Korea’s Kim Il-sung (Kim Jong-un’s grandfather) led his people for 48 years.
Credit: Getty Images

While some such guys (yes, they are pretty much always guys) went away, our times still have quite a few dictators holding on to power individually or through the strength of their family's dynasty, like Kim Jong-un or Togo’s Faure Essozimna Gnassingbé Eyadéma. But which ones have been at it for the longest amount of time?

VIDEO. The 7 longest ruling dictators in the world

1. Paul Biya, President of Cameroon, has ruled for 42 years.

In a land rife with dictators, Paul Biya is now the longest-ruling dictator in Africa, controlling his country of Cameroon since 1975 when he became Prime Minister. Biya consolidated his power during a fake attempted coup in 1983-1984, which allowed him to eliminate his rivals. While he introduced some reforms to allow for multiparty politics, the elections organized under his leadership have been plagued with voting irregularities and fraud.

VIDEO. The 7 longest ruling dictators in the world

2. Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of Equatorial Guinea, has ruled for 38 years.

Obiang has been President of Equatorial Guinea since 1979, when he ousted his uncle from power in a military coup. He tolerates little opposition, with the Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea, which he established, being the only party allowed. Obiang has wide-ranging powers thanks to his country’s constitution, allowing him to rule by decree.

Under his rule, abuses have included "unlawful killings by security forces; government-sanctioned kidnappings; systematic torture of prisoners and detainees by security forces; life-threatening conditions in prisons and detention facilities; impunity; arbitrary arrest, detention, and incommunicado detention,” according to the U.S. state department.

In 2003, the state-run radio declared Obiang "the country's god” with "all power over men and things." The radio also claimed Obiang was "in permanent contact with the Almighty" and "can decide to kill without anyone calling him to account and without going to hell." If that kind of job description doesn’t make you a dictator, nothing will.

VIDEO. The 7 longest ruling dictators in the world

3. Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran, has ruled for 36 years.

While he was chosen as Iran’s President in 1981, Khamenei has been the country’s Supreme Leader since 1989. As Supreme Leader, he is both head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. He can rule by decrees, making the final decisions on the government’s main policies regarding the economy, foreign relations, and national planning.

Under his rule, Iran has known numerous protests that have generally been violently put down, with participants like the students who took part in the 1999 protests disappearing in Iranian jails. He has also been accused of ordering assassinations.

The 2017 protests over the state of the Iranian economy featured demonstrators chanting “death to dictator” while taking down banners with Khamenei’s face.

VIDEO. The 7 longest ruling dictators in the world

4. Denis Sassou Nguesso, President of the Republic of Congo, has ruled for 33 years.

Sassou Nguesso has been running Congo since 1979. After controlling the country as the head of the single-party regime under the Congolese Party of Labour, he lost power for a 5-year period between 1992 and 1997. He led opposition rebel forces during the Second Civil War in the Congo from 1997 till 1999, when he re-assumed the leadership after ousting President Pascal Lissouba.

Nguesso was implicated in the disappearances of many Congolese refugees during the so-called “Brazzaville Beach affair”.

VIDEO. The 7 longest ruling dictators in the world

5. Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia, has ruled for 33 years.

Hun Sen has been the Prime Minister of Cambodia from 1985, which makes him the world’s longest-serving prime minister. Coming to power with the bloody Khmer Rouge, Sen has been accused of corruption, as well as using violence and intimidation to maintain his hold on power. Thousands of opposition politicians, activists and human rights workers have been murdered under his regime.

Amnesty International claims that under Hun Sen, Cambodia authorities have been torturing prisoners using electric shock, hot irons and near-suffocation with plastic bags.

VIDEO. The 7 longest ruling dictators in the world

6. Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda, has ruled for 32 years.

Leading Uganda since 1986, Museveni has been known to suppress political opposition and passed a constitutional amendment in 2005 to scrap presidential term limits. That allowed him to rule for life.

Museveni-headed National Resistance Army (NRA) has been accused of using child soldiers and extrajudicial executions, while his government has been attacking journalists, as per the 2013 World Report. He also backed the institution of the death penalty for homosexuality in 2009.

VIDEO. The 7 longest ruling dictators in the world

7. Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir, President of Sudan, has ruled for 28 years.

Becoming President in 1989 as a result of a military coup, which ousted a democratically-elected government, al-Bashir has been accused of major corruption during his tenure, looting the wealth of his country. US diplomatic cables showed that he is thought to have embezzled $9 billion of his country’s money and stashed it in London banks.

Al-Bashir has been indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for overseeing a campaign of mass killing, pillaging and rape during the war in Darfur. The death toll there ranged between 200,000 and 400,000 people. The ICC has issued an arrest warrant against him for war crimes and crimes against humanity. The Sudanese government, of course, refuses to recognize that ICC has any jurisdiction over its affairs.

February 11, 2018 by PAUL RATNER
17 February 2018, 0:08
'Miracle' jab could provide pain relief for millions of arthritis sufferers

Miracle pain relief for millions of arthritis sufferers
a man sitting in a chair: Credits: Getty

A miracle jab that could ease the misery of arthritis for millions of sufferers has been developed by scientists.

The breakthrough may reduce the need for hip and knee replacement surgery that cost the NHS more than £1bn a year.

It is based on a protein that boosts cartilage generation and reduces inflammation of joints.

Experiments on rats and human cells were so successful human trials are now being planned.

A US team said it opens the door to a patient with arthritis forgoing an operation in favour of a shot.

Miracle pain relief for millions of arthritis sufferers
© Provided by Trinity Mirror Plc 'Miracle' jab could provide pain relief for millions of arthritis sufferers (Image: Universal Images Group Editorial)

Denis Evseenko, associate professor of orthopaedic surgery, said: "The goal is to make an injectable therapy for an early to moderate level of arthritis."

It offers hope to more than eight million people in the UK with osteoarthritis, the leading cause of joint pain and stiffness.

Until now medications have been designed only to help relieve pain but these have side effects including stomach ulcers, high blood pressure and even stroke.

The new therapy could be a 'game changer' in the treatment of the condition. It also has the potential to treat other painful inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis.

The procedure involves injecting a small molecule into a joint. Prof Evseenko and colleagues discovered it enhances cartilage regeneration while decreasing inflammation.

Miracle pain relief for millions of arthritis sufferers
Credits: Blend Images

They are optimistic after "auspicious early results" reported in the Annals of Rheumatic Diseases.

After application to joint cartilage cells in the laboratory, they proliferated more and died less.

And when injected into the knees of rats with damaged cartilage, the animals could more effectively heal their injuries.

Prof Evseenko, of the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California (USC), Los Angeles, said: "It is not going to cure arthritis, but it will delay the progression of arthritis to the damaging stages when patients need joint replacements, which account for a million surgeries a year in the US."

About 160,000 hip and knee replacements a year are carried out by the NHS in England and Wales, with the figure rising by roughly eight per cent annually as the population ages.

As its name implies, the new molecule RCGD 423 (Regulator of Cartilage Growth and Differentiation) fuels regeneration while curbing inflammation.

Miracle pain relief for millions of arthritis sufferers
Credits: Getty

It exerts its effects by communicating with a specific protein in the body. This molecule, called GP130 (glycoprotein 130) receptor, receives two very different types of signals.

These promote cartilage development in the embryo, and trigger chronic inflammation in the adult.

The study showed RCGD 423 amplifies the Gp130 receptor's ability to receive the developmental signals that can stimulate cartilage regeneration.

At the same time it blocks the inflammatory signals that can lead to cartilage degeneration over the long term.

The team is already laying the groundwork for a clinical trial to test RCGD 423, or a similar molecule, as a treatment for osteoarthritis or juvenile arthritis.

Miracle pain relief for millions of arthritis sufferers
Credits: Getty

Arthritis is a condition most people associate with the elderly. But it also affects an estimated 15,000 children and young people in the UK.

Natalie Carter, head of research liaison and evaluation at Arthritis Research UK, said: "Although it is still very early days, this injectable treatment could be promising for people with early onset osteoarthritis.

"This piece of research has been conducted in animals, and so it is not yet clear whether this potential therapy could be useful in humans.

"More than eight million people in the UK are living with the pain of osteoarthritis, which can have a devastating impact on everyday life, making such things as getting dressed and getting to work difficult.

"Investment in research that leads to new treatments, such as this, is key to helping these people lead the fulfilled lives they deserve."

Miracle pain relief for millions of arthritis sufferers
Credits: Getty

Prof Evseenko sees RCGD 423 as a prototype for a new class of anti-inflammatory drugs with a very broad range of uses.

His lab has already developed several structural analogs of RCGD 423 with varying biological effects and potency.

In a previous study published in Nature Cell Biology, RCGD 423 was shown to activate stem cells to make hair grow.

The lab is partnering with other scientists at USC and beyond to explore the broader potential of these molecules.

This includes using them to treat rheumatoid arthritis, jaw arthritis, lupus, neurological and heart diseases and baldness, as well as maintain pluripotent stem cells in the laboratory.

12 February 2018 Mark Waghorn
16 February 2018, 23:22
Just 18 months to live his 'ultimate daddies' girl' daughter reveals
Tony Drewitt-Barlow and husband Barrie made history in the late 90s when they became the first gay men in the UK to father children through surrogacy

WARNING. One of UK's first gay fathers has throat cancer
The family pictured in Essex in 2015. L-R Saffron, Barrie, Aspen and Tony Drewitt-Barlow (Image: REX/Shutterstock)


One of Britain's first gay fathers has been diagnosed with throat cancer and has just 18 months to live, his heartbroken 'ultimate daddies' girl' daughter has revealed.

Tony Drewitt-Barlow and husband Barrie made history in the late 90s when they became the first gay men in the UK to father children through surrogacy.

Their twins, Saffron and Aspen, are the first children to be registered as having two fathers and no mother.

The couple also have son Orlando, 13, and twin boys Jasper and Dallas, six.

WARNING. One of UK's first gay fathers has throat cancer
Barrie Drewitt-Barlow, Tony Drewitt-Barlow, Aspen Drewitt-Barlow and Saffron Drewitt-Barlow in May 2015 (Image: Rex)

WARNING. One of UK's first gay fathers has throat cancer
The businessmen first hit the headlines in the late 90s when they became the first gay men in the UK to father children through surrogacy (Image: REX/Shutterstock)

WARNING. One of UK's first gay fathers has throat cancer
Saffron and her twin brother, Aspen, are the first children to be registered as having two dads and no mum (Image: REX/Shutterstock)

Daughter Saffron, who made headlines herself for her £1million wardrobe and £5,000-a-month in pocket money, shared the heartbreaking news on Thursday.

Tony – who she calls Dad – is suffering from aggressive throat cancer and is waiting for an operation in Florida, where the family live half of the year.

WARNING. One of UK's first gay fathers has throat cancer
Britains first gay dads: Barrie and Tony Drewitt-Barlow want to extend their family of four boys and one girl

She told the Sun Online: “Dad’s really sick. He had cancer 10 years ago and had chemo but now it has come back. Now the whole side of his face is gone.

“They’ve given him 18 months to live if he doesn’t have the operation. If he has the op, there’s a 50/50 chance he’ll live. We’re all devastated."

WARNING. One of UK's first gay fathers has throat cancer
Saffron and Barrie, who she calls Daddy (Image: donbarrie/Instagram)

WARNING. One of UK's first gay fathers has throat cancer
The couple on their wedding day in 2006 (Image: REX/Shutterstock)

Barrie - who Saffron calls Daddy - added: "I don’t want to lose him. I don’t want to be a single parent. We’re praying that it goes well."

Tony and Barrie grew up on Manchester council estates, but now have a combined wealth of £40 million and spread their time between a £5 million water-front Florida property and a sprawling Essex mansion.

WARNING. One of UK's first gay fathers has throat cancer
Saffron turned 18 last year (Image: donbarrie/Instagram)

The family hit the headlines last year for Saffron and Aspen's lavish 18th birthday celebrations.

Their parents flew the twins and a group of their American friends to England so that they could all drink champagne — something they couldn't do in Florida, where the legal drinking age is 21.

Saffron was given a brand new white Range Rover, while Aspen got a black one.

WARNING. One of UK's first gay fathers has throat cancer
Barrie, left, fears being a single father (Image: Sunday Mirror)

By Natalie Evans
06:08, 16 FEB 2018
12 February 2018, 15:45
VIDEO. Randgold calls Congo’s new mining code “draconian”

CEO of Randgold not happy with Congo new mining code
Mark Bristow, CEO of Randgold Resources.

Miners operating in the Democratic Republic of Congo are pulling out the heavy artillery in their fight against the country’s new mining code which, they say, will stifle investment in the copper and cobalt-rich nation.

Today, Africa-focused gold producer Randgold Resources (LON:RSS) issued a press release saying its executives are engaging “at the highest level” with the Joseph Kabila government to head off the enactment of the updated 2002 mining code. According to the company, the law will “severely limit the growth of the mining industry in the DRC as well as the country's own economic prospects.”

After passing by the National Assembly in December, the code sailed through the Senate without opposition in late January and now it is just waiting to be signed into law by the president. Among its main provisions, the legal instrument would increase the royalty on base metals such as copper and cobalt to 3.5 per cent from the current 2 per cent. It would also impose a 5 per cent royalty on what the government calls “strategic metals” and a 50 per cent tax on super profits, which are defined as income realized when commodity prices rise 25 per cent above levels included in a project’s bankable-feasibility study.

CEO of Randgold not happy with Congo new mining code

Once the law is ratified by Kabila, miners would have to comply with it immediately because just four days ago lawmakers also voted in favour of lifting a provision exempting licence holders of compliance with the new code for 10 years.

The 10-year stability clause, writes Randgold Chief Executive Mark Bristow in the media statement, was the basis on which his and other mining companies invested in the DRC in the first place.

Bristow goes on with his criticism saying that when his company, in partnership with AngloGold Ashanti (JSE:ANG) (NYSE:AU), bought the project that later became the Kibali gold mine, they sought and received a formal written declaration from the government which confirmed that the provisions in the 2002 mining code would be honoured.

Despite the alleged commitment, Bristow says that once changes to the legislation started to be discussed in 2014, his firm and others operating in the DRC engaged with country officials and made it clear to the Ministry of Mines that there were serious flaws in the new provisions. Randgold exec adds that it came as a surprise that none of the industry’s suggestions were taken into account. "It is therefore very disappointing to see that none of our proposals and comments are reflected in the legislation, which is, in fact, more draconian in its final form than earlier drafts,” he stated.

CEO of Randgold not happy with Congo new mining code

According to Bloomberg, Glencore CEO Ivan Glasenberg also visited Kinshasa and discussed the law with President Kabila.

Besides these two firms, China Molybdenum, Eurasian Resources Group, MMG and Ivanhoe Mines will immediately be subjected to the new provisions.

Valentina Ruiz Leotaud | Feb. 4, 2018, 11:08 AM |
09 February 2018, 21:46
Yazidi woman who was sold as a sex slave by ISIS confronts jihadist who admits raping hundreds of women and children and tells him: 'You will pay for the tears of these girls'
  • Shireen a Yazidi woman was kept as a sex slave when she was captured by ISIS
  • As part of a BBC show she revisits the Mosul house where she was held
  • The Yazidi woman reveals she attempted suicide four times to escape
  • Shireen meets an ISIS fighter who had three of his own sex slaves
  • He is challenged over why he joined ISIS to which he reveals it was for money
  • He also admits to raping 250 women and children, and killing 900 people

VIDEO. Shireen Yazidi woman confronts ISIS fighter
Stacey Dooley is joined by Shireen, right, as they confront an ISIS fighter over his involvement in the war and why he helped to lure people to their deaths

A Yazidi woman who was kidnapped by ISIS and sold as a sex slave has come face-to-face with a jihadist who took part in a raid on her home town of Sinjar.

Shireen, who was raped repeatedly by her captor Saif, retraced her steps to the Iraqi city of Mosul where she was held for two-and-a-half years, as part of a new BBC Three documentary fronted by Stacey Dooley called Face To Face With ISIS.

There she comes face-to-face with an ISIS fighter named Anmar - who took part on the raid of Shireen's home city and had three sex slaves of his own.

He revealed how he had raped more than 250 women and children - some as young as 15, adding that it was a 'very strong' desire that he was unable to control.

Horrified, Shireen tells him: 'You will pay for the tears of these girls.'

VIDEO. Shireen Yazidi woman confronts ISIS fighter
The ISIS fighter is awaiting his sentencing but was taken to speak with Stacey and Shireen in the back of a van, with his head covered so he could not figure out a location

During the programme, Shireen reveals her ordeal was so horrific she attempted suicide four times, before she managed to escape her living hell during the battle to regain the city in which her captor, Saif, was killed.

Shireen said: 'I lost hope to die, they wouldn’t let us kill ourselves. I tried four times.

'Saif would frighten and kill people. I’d rather have died than what go through what happened.'


At the end of their journey in Iraq, Stacey and Shireen challenge Anmar on why he joined the terrorist organisation to which he reveals it was for the money - before admitting he had killed 900 people during the reign of terror.

Stacey was left appalled when she questioned how many women and children Anmar raped during his time as a member of ISIS before he was arrested.

'During the time I was with them the 15 to 16 year olds maybe about 50 and the older ones, [I raped] over 200.'

'When it comes to having sex, no one can control it, it’s a very strong desire,' Anmar said.

VIDEO. Shireen Yazidi woman confronts ISIS fighterHe spoke about the horrendous crimes and even claimed that he had 'no control' over the rape of women saying he was pressured by his own commander

'Even if she was trying to stop me, you know… But when I finished with her and saw her crying my heart would break for her.'

Shireen told him: 'If you had a good heart you wouldn’t take three girls and rape them on a daily basis. You enjoyed this.'

Admitting that he did, he then claimed: 'At the time it was different, I was put under pressure. I was required to do this.

The plight of the Yazidi women: What is happening to the ethnic Kurdish group under ISIS's control?
The Kurdish ethnic group, the Yazidis, have suffered massacres and oppression for generations and the Kurdistan region in northern Iraq has been under siege from ISIS since 2014.

The UN has declared the killing of the Yazidi people by ISIS as genocide and human rights lawyer Amal Clooney has been a constant campaigner for justice for the Yazidi women, many of whom have been raped by ISIS fighters.

Clooney said testimonies from young women and girls were among the most harrowing 'she'd ever heard'.

The Yazidis came under attack in August 2014 when Islamic State fighters rounded up men, women and children in northern Iraq, saying they’d be killed if they didn’t convert to Islam.

The Yazidis - a minority Kurdish group in Iraq - follow an ancient pre-Islamic faith.

The men were taken away and many were slaughtered. Some 7,000 Yazidi women and girls were forced into sexual slavery when the militia took over the community’s heartland in Sinjar, northern Iraq, and slaughtered 5,000 people.

Mass graves have been discovered across the country including one in Mosul that contained 4,000 bodies.

'If I didn’t kill my commander would be ready with his weapon behind me to kill me.'

But an emotional Shireen snapped: 'You will pay for the tears of these girls. This is the price for their deaths.'

Anmar agreed that was the least he should expect: 'I’m waiting for my fate, my fate is death.'

The terrorist, who arrived to the meeting in the back of a van with a hood over his face and shackled in chains, said he joined ISIS because he was poor.

'It was about money for me.'

He also revealed the tactics ISIS used to lure people to their death.

'With my hands the number of people I killed and slaughtered would be about 900 people, something like that.

'We would put up fake security checkpoints, as if we were police. We’d get 30, 40 people in a truck. We’d finish them and kill them.'

During their trip to Iraq, Shireen takes Stacey to one of the former markets that were set up to trade the women.

She explains that 100 women were sold at a time and more than 3,000 people are still missing, most likely in Syria.

Shireen she is still haunted by not knowing what happened to her sister who was taken at the beginning, and her father who also disappeared.

'Not knowing their fate is more painful than knowing that they are dead,' she told Stacey.

The pair are escorted by an Iraqi Comander as they search through the decimated city to locate Shireen’s escape house.

But when she begins to open up about her time with her captor Saif, she is cut off from answering Stacey’s questions about her experience by the Commander.

'Truly I would have rather have died than what happened here, but through this we want to tell the world, what happened here…' she began.

It's a culturally sensitive topic in Iraq, and Stacey explained that for the Commander who lost many men fighting ISIS to lead the women to safety, her words were too much.

Furious he attempted to shut the filming down: 'She is an Iraqi woman, an Iraqi woman. Any embarrassment for her is my embarrassment. I won’t let anyone insult her Iraqi-ness, insult her Iraqi-ness and her dignity.'

But Shireen, who now lives in a camp for refugees from the Mount Sinjar attack where her people were murdered and the women sold into slavery, said she won't be silenced any longer: 'I was the luckiest out of the girls. I was raped less than the others, as I was raped by just one person.

'They should get the ultimate punishment,' she added.

By Natalie Corner For Mailonline

PUBLISHED: 14:56, 5 February 2018
Stacey Dooley: Face To Face With ISIS is on BBC Three on February 7
07 February 2018, 11:39
Face of 'The First Brit' known as the Cheddar Man revealed – and he had dark skin

Here is the face of one of modern Britain’s earliest men

A groundbreaking study reveals the remains found a century ago in Gough’s Cave in Somerset did not belong to a pale-skinned person, as previously thought

This is the face of one of modern Britain’s earliest men – and he had dark skin.

Britain’s oldest complete skeleton, known as Cheddar Man, was unearthed more than a century ago in Gough’s Cave in Somerset.

But an unprecedented examination of his DNA, along with a facial reconstruction of the fossil, shows he would have had a darker complexion than previously thought, along with blue eyes and dark, curly hair.

Previous reconstructions of Cheddar Man, which were not based on DNA data, depicted him with a lighter skin tone.

But research by evolution and DNA specialists at the Natural History Museum and University College London suggests the skin colour associated with northern European ancestry is a more recent development.

The research and remodelling process was documented for Channel 4 show The First Brit: Secrets of the 10,000 Year Old Man.

Here is the face of one of modern Britain’s earliest men
The remains were found a century ago in Gough’s Cave in Somerset, and date from 7,150BC (Image: PA)

Here is the face of one of modern Britain’s earliest men
Researchers say the young man would have had dark complexion along with blue eyes and dark, curly hair (Image: PA)

Professor Ian Barnes, research leader at the Natural History Museum, said: “For me, it’s not just the skin colour that’s interesting, it’s that combination of features that make him look not like anyone that you’d see today.

“Not just dark skin and blue eyes, because you can get that combination, but also the face shape.

“So all of this combines together and makes him just not the same as people you see around today.”

Researchers Professor Barnes and Dr Selina Brace extracted DNA data from bone powder by drilling a 2mm hole through the skull’s inner ear bone.

They scanned the skull and a 3D model was produced by “paleo artists” Alfons and Adrie Kennis, who make life-like reconstructions of extinct mammals and early humans.

Here is the face of one of modern Britain’s earliest men
Academics extracted DNA data from bone powder by drilling a 2mm hole through the skull (Image: PA)

The twins, who have created reconstructions for museums around the world and usually create models of Neanderthals, spent three months creating Cheddar Man.

“It’s really nice to make a more graceful man, not a heavy-browed Neanderthal. So we were very excited that it was a guy from after the Ice Age. We were very interested in what kind of human he was,” said Alfons.

“With the new DNA information it was really revolutionary. And it allowed us to look more at race, this revealed stuff that we’d never had known before.”

Cheddar Man, thought to have died in his twenties and to have had a relatively good diet, lived in Britain when it was almost completely empty.

Although previous populations had settled in Britain long before his arrival, they were wiped out before him and he marked the start of continuous habitation on the island.

Here is the face of one of modern Britain’s earliest men
Adrie (left) and Alfons Kennis sit beside their full facial reconstruction model (Image: PA)

Genetically, he belonged to a group of people known as the “Western Hunter-Gatherers” - Mesolithic-era individuals from Spain, Hungary and Luxembourg.

His ancestors migrated to Europe from the Middle East after the Ice Age and today, 10% of White British people are descended from the group.

Alfons said: “People define themselves by which country they’re from, and they assume their ancestors were just like them.

“And then suddenly new research shows that we used to be a totally different people with a different genetic makeup.

“People will be surprised, and maybe it will make immigrants feel a bit more involved in the story. And maybe it gets rid of the idea that you have to look a certain way to be from somewhere. We are all immigrants.”

The First Brit: Secrets of the 10,000 Year Old Man airs on Channel 4 on Sunday February 18.

ByMatthew Young
06:38, 7 FEB 2018
05 February 2018, 7:27
As we go back into the dim twilight of history with Scripture, we learn that the founder of Bab-el, or Babylon, was Nimrod, of whose unholy achievements we read in the 10th chapter of Genesis. He was the arch-apostate of the patriarchal age. He is described as a "mighty hunter before the Lord" -- "a hunter of the souls of men," the rabbis said.

The babylonian religionNimrod

Going out from the presence of the Lord, he impiously sought to gather a multitude about himself, and in defiance of the express command of God to spread abroad upon the face of the earth, he persuaded his associates and followers to join together in "building a city and a tower which should reach unto heaven."

Not surely as some of us were taught in our childhood a tower by which they might climb up into the skies to escape another possible flood, but a tower of renown, rising to a great height, to be recognized as a temple or rallying center for those who did not walk in obedience to the word of the Lord. With all the effrontery of our modern apostates, they called their city and tower Bab-El, the gate of God; but it was soon changed by divine judgment into Babel, Confusion. It bore the stamp of unreality from the first, for we are told, "they had brick for stone, and slime had they for mortar." An imitation of that which is real and true has ever since characterized Babylon in all ages.

Nimrod, or Nimroud-bar-Cush, as he is called on the monuments, was a grandson of Ham, the unworthy son of Noah, whose character is revealed in his exposure of his father's shame. We know that Noah had brought through the flood the revelation of the true God, for he was a preacher of righteousness, and his utterances on more than one occasion show that he had the prophetic gift. Ham on the other hand seems to have been all too readily affected by the apostasy that brought the flood, for he shows no evidence of self-judgment, but the very opposite. His name, as spelled out upon Egyptian monuments is Khem, and this agrees with the literal sound of the Hebrew word rendered Ham in our Bibles. It means "swarthy," "darkened," or more literally, "the sun-burnt." The name indicates the state of the man's soul. For what is a sun-burnt person? One who is darkened by light from heaven. Ham had been granted wonderful mercies; he was saved from the flood because of his father's faith, but he abused his privileges and "turned the grace of God into lasciviousness." He was actually darkened by the burning rays of light that God caused to shine upon his soul. Thus his conscience became seared as with a hot iron, and he became the founder of a race that departed from the living God and led the way into idolatry, worshipping and serving the creature more than the Creator.

We know something of what this means. We speak of people today who have become, as we say, gospel-hardened. They too have been darkened by the light, and are often the ringleaders in apostasy: "If the light that is in thee becomes darkened, how great is the darkness." There are many in the world tonight who used to listen with tears in their eyes to the story of the matchless grace of God as revealed in the cross of Christ, but are unmoved now though that story be told ever so tenderly; they have become hardened in their sins, and their seared consciences no longer feel the Spirit's breath. It is a most dangerous thing to trifle with the light from heaven.

But to proceed with our theme, Ham became darkened by the light. We know his failure and sin. But when Noah had recovered himself and knew what his son had done unto him he pronounced, by the spirit of prophecy, a curse upon Canaan, not on Ham. Do you wonder at that? I did, until I saw that God had already pronounced a blessing upon all three sons of Noah-Shem, Ham, and Japheth. So Noah passes over his unworthy son and utters a curse upon Canaan, who we can well believe was, as we say, "a chip off the old block." Ham begat a son named Cush, "the black one," and he became the father of Nimrod, the apostate leader of his generation.

Ancient lore now comes to our assistance, and tells us that the wife of Nimrod-bar-Cush was the infamous Semiramis, the First. She is reputed to have been the founder of the Babylonian mysteries and the first high-priestess of idolatry. Thus Babylon became the fountainhead of idolatry, and the mother of every heathen and pagan system in the world. The mystery-religion that was originated there spread in various forms throughout the whole earth, and as we shall see in a few minutes, it is with us today. It is identical with the mystery of iniquity which wrought so energetically in Paul's day, and shall have its fullest development when the Holy Spirit has departed and the Babylon of the apocalypse holds sway.

Building on the primeval promise of the woman's Seed who was to come, Semiramis bore a son whom she declared was miraculously conceived, and when she presented him to the people, he was hailed as the promised deliverer. This was Tammuz, whose worship Ezekiel protested against in the days of the captivity. Thus was introduced the mystery of the mother and the child, a form of idolatry that is older than any other known to man. The rites of this worship were secret. Only the initiated were permitted to know its mysteries. It was Satan's effort to delude mankind with an imitation so like the truth of God that they would not know the true Seed of the woman when He came in the fullness of time. To this Justin Martyr bears definite witness.

The babylonian religion

From Babylon this mystery-religion spread to all the surrounding nations, as the years went on and the world was populated by the descendants of Noah. Everywhere the symbols were the same, and everywhere the cult of the mother and child became the popular system. Their worship was celebrated with the most disgusting and immoral practices. The image of the queen of heaven with the babe in her arms was seen everywhere, though the names might differ as languages differed. It became the mystery-religion of Phoenicia, and by the Phoenicians was carried to the ends of the earth. Ashtoreth and Tammuz, the mother and child of these hardy adventurers, became Isis and Horus in Egypt, Aphrodite and Eros in Greece, Venus and Cupid in Italy, and bore many other names in more distant places. Within 1,000 years, Babylonianism had become the religion of the world, which had rejected the Divine revelation.

The babylonian religion

Linked with the central mystery were countless lesser mysteries, the hidden meaning of which was known only to the initiates, but the outward forms were practiced by all the people. Among these were the doctrines of purgatorial purification after death, salvation by countless sacraments (such as priestly absolution), sprinkling with holy water, the offering of round cakes to the queen of heaven (as mentioned in the book of Jeremiah), dedication of virgins to the gods (which was literally sanctified prostitution), weeping for Tammuz for a period of 40 days prior to the great festival of Istar (who was said to have received her son back from the dead); for it was taught that Tammuz was slain by a wild boar and afterwards brought back to life. To him the egg was sacred, as depicting the mystery of his resurrection even as the evergreen was his chosen symbol and was set up in honor of his birth at the winter solstice, when a boar's head was eaten in memory of his conflict and a yule log burned with many mysterious observances.

The babylonian religion

The babylonian religionThe sign of the cross was sacred to Tammuz, as symbolizing the life giving principle and as the first letter of his name. It is represented upon vast numbers of the most ancient altars and temples, and did not, as many have supposed originate with Christianity. From this mystery-religion, the patriarch Abraham was separated by the divine call, and with this same evil cult the nation that sprang from him had constant conflict, until under Jezebel, a Phoenician princess, it was grafted onto what was left of the religion of Israel in the northern kingdom in the day of Ahab, and was the cause of their captivity at the last. Judah was polluted by it, for Baal-worship was but the Canaanitish form of Babylonian mysteries, and only by being sent into captivity to Babylon itself did Judah become cured of her fondness for idolatry. Baal was the Sun-God, the Life-giving One, identical with Tammuz.

When Christ came into this world the mystery of iniquity was everywhere holding sway, save where the truth of God as revealed in the Old Testament was known. Thus, when the early Christians set out upon the great task of carrying the gospel to the ends of the earth, they found themselves everywhere confronted by this system, in one form or another; for though Babylon as a city had long been but a mystery, her mysteries had not died with her. When the city and temples were destroyed, the high-priest fled with a company of initiates and their sacred vessels and images to Pergamos, where the Symbol of the serpent was set up as the emblem of the hidden wisdom. From there, they afterwards crossed the sea and immigrated to Italy, where, they settled on the Etruscan plain.

There the ancient cult was propagated under the name of the Etruscan Mysteries and eventually Rome became the headquarters of Babylonianism. The chief priests wore mitres shaped like the head of a fish, in honor of Dagon, the fish-god, the Lord of life-another form of the Tammuz mystery, as developed among Israel's old enemies, the Philistines. The chief priest when established in Rome took the title Pontifex Maximus, and this was imprinted in on his mitre. When Julius Caesar (who was an initiate like all young Romans of good family) had become the head of the States, he was elected Pontifex Maximus, and this title was held henceforth by all the Roman emperors down to Constantine the Great, who was at one and the same time, head of the church, and high priest to the heathen. The title was afterwards conferred upon the bishops of Rome, and is borne by the pope today, who is thus declared to be, not the successor of the fisherman-apostle Peter, but the direct successor of the high priest of the Babylonian mysteries, and the servant of the fish-god Dagon, for whom he wears, like his idolatrous predecessors, the fisherman's ring.

During the early centuries of the church's history, the mystery of iniquity had wrought with such astounding effect, and the Babylonian practices and teachings had been so largely absorbed by that which bore the name of the church of Christ, that the truth of the Holy Scriptures on many points had been wholly obscured, while idolatrous practices had been foisted upon the people as Christian sacraments, and the heathen philosophies took the place of gospel instruction. Thus was developed that amazing system which for a thousand years dominated Europe and trafficked in the bodies of souls of men, until the great Reformation of the 16th century brought in a measure of deliverance.

The babylonian religion

By Harry A. Ironside

by Bryce Self

Any effort to trace the origins of the myth, legend, and lore of goddess-worship will eventually lead one back to a single historical figure---Semiramis, wife of Nimrod and queen of Babylon, and this is especially true when considering the goddess/planet Venus.

Before we can begin to deal with Semiramis though, we must (as with any historical figure) gain at least a general understanding of her cultural and temporal setting. Since I have found in my researches that neither proven scientific truth nor gleanings of fact from the body of ancient legends in any way contradicts a proper understanding of biblical revelation, I will use the scriptural framework of history as a basis upon which to reconstruct the story of Semiramis the woman.

When Noah and his family left the ark after the flood, they settled first at the northern feet of Ararat facing what is today Georgia, USSR. From here, these eight souls began to spread out into the surrounding districts of northern Iran and Syria, as well as eastern Turkey. After a considerable period (perhaps 5 to 6 hundred years), the families of Noah's descendants began to scatter a bit more widely due to increasing population, and perhaps some degree of rivalry or even enmity between the families of Japheth, Shem, and Ham. In this way we find that within about half a millennium the entire "fertile crescent", as well as the Nile valley, the Anatolian and Iranian plateaus, Arabia, and Ethiopia have been sparsely settled---but with a decided majority of Noah's descendants living in the lower regions of Mesopotamia (which would come to be called Sumer and Akkad).

Modern archaeology has confirmed the fact that the first inhabitants of these areas were homogeneous in both race and culture, and the most reliable researches indicate that it was from here that population, animal husbandry, metallurgy, agriculture, and "citification" spread throughout the earth. The scientific and scriptural views are in exact agreement upon the origin and spread of races and civilization---the only point of difference is the time scale involved! Whereas the scriptures clearly indicate the existence of all these elements of civilization long before the flood; orthodox science, by it's denial of the bible is required to construct a mythical stone age several millennia long in order to account for the same phenomena.

It was in Mesopotamia that the first cities were built after the flood, and the first of these was quite naturally named after the very first city built by man before the flood---Enoch. Due to vagaries of linguistic permutation, this name has come down to us as Erech or Uruk in Sumeria. In all there were seven major cities built near the head of the Persian Gulf, leading to the name "Land of the Seven Cities" commonly found in the early mythologies of the world. These seven cities are enumerated in Genesis as those which were conquered by Nimrod, establishing the world's first empire. The earliest Babylonian legends tell of a conquering people who came up out of the Persian Gulf and established an empire from these cities. This seems to fit well with what we know of the movements of Nimrod in his early career. He was a native of Ethiopia and was widely traveled among the few populated areas of those days. When he set out to build himself an army of conquest, he recruited from his "cousins" the descendants of Sheba and Dedan who had come up through Arabia to settle on the Asian mainland at the Straight of Hormuz and on the Indus river in what is now Afghanistan (these people were the Dravidians who were driven southward into India by the later Aryan invasion). After raising his army, Nimrod ferried them up the gulf in the world's first naval armada, and conquered his empire. The best estimates place the time of the conquest as about 4000 to 3500 BC, and about 1000 years after the flood of Noah.

In the midst of the tumult of war Nimrod and Semiramis met--and in none too savory circumstances, for tradition states that she was an inn/brothel keeper in the city of Erech---leading one to speculate upon the nature of their initial acquaintance. Semiramis was a native of Erech, which as evidenced by it's name seems to have been built by a Hamitic family (Ham's wife was said to have been descended from Cain who built the first Erech in honor of his son). The name Semiramis is a later, Hellenized form of the Sumerian name "Sammur-amat", or "gift of the sea."

The initial element "sammur" when translated into Hebrew becomes "Shinar" (the biblical name for lower Mesopotamia), and is the word from which we derive "Sumeria". This one tarnished woman then, had such a lasting impact upon world history that not only do we call by her name the land from which civilization flowed, but God himself through the sacred writer has let us know that its distinguishing characteristic was that it was "the Land of Shinar," or Semiramis. Very little has come down to us through the millennia concerning Semiramis' rise to power, but it is safe to assume that it was initially upon Nimrod's coattails that she rode, although later in life as well as throughout history her influence overwhelmingly obscured that of her husband. Of course, it would not do to have an ex-harlot upon the throne, so the "polite fiction" was invented that she was a virgin sprung from the sea at Nimrod's landing, and hence a suitable bride for the emperor(thus the title Semiramis which has totally obscured her original name).

Semiramis was the instigator in forming the false religion aimed at supporting their rule, and of course her suggestion fell upon open ears. The religion she invented was based primarily upon a corruption of the primeval astronomy formulated by Noah's righteous ancestors before the flood. In the original this system depicted by means of constellations the story of Satan's rebellion and the war in the heavens, his subversion of mankind, the fall of Adam and Eve, the promise of One to come who would suffer and die to relieve man from the curse of sin then be installed as Lord of Creation, and the final re-subjugation of the cosmos to God through Him.

These eternal truths were corrupted by her (rather, quite obviously, by the evil one controlling her) into a mythic cycle wherein the great dragon is depicted as the rightful lord of the universe whose throne has been temporarily usurped by One whom we can recognize as the God of the Bible. The serpent creates man in his present miserable state, but promises that a child would one day born of a divine mother---which child would supplant God, become a god himself, and return rulership of the Earth to the serpent. These fables were based upon the then widely-known story of the constellations, and were introduced under the guise of revealing the hidden esoteric knowledge concealed in them (regardless of the fact that the original was quite straightforward).

Although this esotericism was the second element in Semiramis' cult, it only masked the actual goal which was the worship of the "heavenly host," which the Bible equates with Satan's army of fallen angels. Satan was quite willing to receive worship "by proxy", hence the third major element of the mystery religion was emperor-worship. This religion was propagated by a hierarchy of priests and priestesses, to whom were assigned the task of initiating the populace at large into it's ascending degrees of revelation, culminating at the highest level in both direct worship of Satan and demon-possession.

Although Nimrod was a brilliant strategist, he made a fatal blunder when he allowed Semiramis to retain full control over this religious hierarchy, and through it the minds and hearts of the people; for when a schism occurred between them she was able to turn it from a tool of support into a deadly weapon. The rift between husband and wife occurred when the queen bore an illegitimate son, and the king threatened her with both dethronement and exposure of her true origin. Semiramis, of course would not allow this to take place, and devised a plot to overthrow Nimrod.

During the course of the New Year's festivities at which the advent of Nimrod's rule was celebrated, there was a certain feast exclusively for the royal family and the upper echelons of the priesthood. During this feast, which included "courses" of psychedelic and hallucinogenic drugs, a year-old ram was traditionally sacrificed by being torn limb-from-limb while still alive, and it's flesh eaten raw. This ram symbolized the old year passing into the heavens to allow room for the new year. A new-born lamb was then presented which, symbolizing the new year, would be kept and fattened for the next year's ceremonies. This year Semiramis directed the ritual according to the formula, with the exception that when the time came for the ram to be slaughtered, it was the king who was torn to pieces at the hands of the drug-crazed priesthood and Semiramis' bastard son was installed as king. Thus Nimrod, the mighty hunter, died a horrible death as a trapped beast himself.

Semiramis named her son Damu (from the Sumerian "dam," or blood), which in the later Babylonian language became Dammuzi, in Hebrew Tammuz, and in Greek Adonis. Of course, Semiramis assumed the regency for her infant son, and ruled as absolute monarch for 42 more years. In order to avoid having to kill her son on the next New Year's Day, she instituted an annual nation-wide sports competition, the winner of which would have the "honor" of taking Damu's place and ascending into heaven to become a god.

Semiramis was not unopposed in her arrogation of the regency, however, or her rule as a woman. The military arm of the government was divided into two camps for and against her, and a short war ensued which ended when the populace (roused by the priesthood) not only refused to support the "rebels" but actively opposed them. In the course of this war, though, things became so close that Semiramis was forced to build a system of walls, towers, and gates around Babylon to defend herself. She was thus the first to build fortifications and her crown afterwards was in the form of the turreted walls of Babylon. To oppose the accusations of "mere" womanhood laid against her, she had herself deified as the mother of the god Damu (since only a god can beget a god) , and installed as "The Queen of Heaven" pictured in the constellation Cassiopeia, which the ancients had intended as a corporate representation of those people faithful to God who will be enthroned by Him after the end of the age.

In spite of her cleverness, though, she also sowed the seeds of her own destruction. As she raised her son, she imbued him with divinity in the eyes of the priests and people as the means of retaining control as the divine mother without seeming to aggrandize herself. As Damu grew he became used to having every whim instantly gratified by a subservient, indeed groveling, populace. For safety's sake he had a personal bodyguard/companion group which he was never without, and which formed an elite corps of soldiery loyal and accountable to him alone. Upon coming to maturity and demanding of his mother to be installed as king, she not only refused him this--but, seeing him now as a challenge to her rule, slated him for the same death she had meted to his father. Damu caught on to her scheme, and pre-empted his "assumption" by slaying his mother with his own sword, and putting down any priestly protests by purging the hierarchy of all who would not vow allegiance to him. Thus Semiramis died after reigning as queen over Babylon for 102 years.

These events laid the groundwork for all of the pagan religious systems of antiquity, as well as many alive today. Semiramis, in particular was the model and original of every goddess and female cult figure in the ancient and modern worlds (either directly or by derivation); and thus it essential to know her story in order to discern what is factual legend and what is merely myth.

by Bryce Self



SEMIRAMIS: Legendary Mysterious Great Queen of Assyria, edited by George E. Foryan

The Original Goddess: Semiramis of Babylon, by Yisrayl Hawkins, House of Yahweh

Semiramis, Queen of Assyria, (Amazon Nation)

The Two Babylons by Alexander Hislop
03 February 2018, 4:44
Ibuprofen linked to male infertility, study says

Ibuprofen linked to male infertility

Ibuprofen – Ibuprofen falls into the class of drugs known as NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Sold under brand names including Motrin or Advil, it's used to treat minor aches and pains and reduce fever. It may be prescribed in stronger doses. It comes in tablet form as well as in chewable tablets, liquid suspensions and concentrated liquid drops. People who take NSAIDs may have a higher heart attack or stroke risk than those who do not, according to the National Institutes of Health. The medication can also cause ulcers, bleeding or holes in the stomach and intestine for some people. The risk may be higher if you take NSAIDs for a long time, are older or in poor health, and have three or more alcoholic drinks per day.

Hydrocodone – Hydrocodone is available only in combination with other ingredients, with different products prescribed for different uses. Some products are used to relieve moderate to severe pain, while others combat a cough, according to the National Institutes of Health. An opiate (narcotic) analgesic, hydrocodone relieves pain by changing the way the brain and nervous system respond to it. It may be habit-forming, and abuse of drugs, including hydrocodone, has become a concern in recent years. In 2014, hydrocodone was moved from Schedule III to Schedule II. Now, in order to use these drugs, patients will have to get a written prescription from a doctor -- instead of one submitted orally by phone. And refills are prohibited; patients would have to check in with their doctors to get another prescription.

Fentanyl – Fentanyl is a prescription-only pain medication often given to cancer patients. They must be at least 18 years old to take it, or at least 16 for lozenges branded as Actiq, and they should also be taking regular doses of another narcotic pain medication. Patients must also be accustomed to the effects of narcotics. Fentanyl itself is a narcotic and changes the way the brain and nervous system respond to pain, according to the National Institutes of Health. This drug comes in the form of a lozenge, a tablet under the tongue, a film and a buccal (between the gum and cheek) tablet, as well as in injectable form. It is designed for sudden episodes of pain and should not be used more than four times a day. Overdose can cause drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, breathing problems or smaller pupils. The FDA has said there is growing concern about illicit fentanyl use, particularly in conjunction with heroin.

Morphine – Patients take morphine for moderate to severe pain. It is an opiate (narcotic) analgesic and changes the way the brain and nervous system react to pain. Forms of morphine include tablet and solution, which are taken every four hours, as needed. Controlled- or extended-release tablets and controlled- or sustained-release capsules are for patients who need around-the-clock pain relief. Morphine can also be found as a morphine sulfate injection, as added to an IV fluid that drips through a needle or catheter, or injected into a large muscle. Morphine overdose can cause serious consequences such as breathing problems, loss of consciousness, sleepiness, slow heartbeat, blurred vision, nausea and fainting, according to the National Institutes of Health. Morphine may also be habit-forming.
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Propofol – Propofol, also known as Diprivan, became infamous when pop star Michael Jackson died after overdosing on the drug while using it as a sleep aid. The drug is typically administered intravenously by medical professionals for anesthetic purposes, such as when a patient is undergoing surgery. It's not approved to treat sleep disorders, according to the Food and Drug Administration. The drug itself does not provide pain relief but renders a patient unconscious. A patient wakes up almost immediately after an infusion is stopped, experts say. Propofol lowers blood pressure and suppresses breathing, so patients' heart function and breathing need constant monitoring, according to the Harvard Health Blog. Abuse of propofol in medical circles, however, has been a concern in recent years.

Acetaminophen – This compound can ease minor muscle, back, tooth and joint pain and reduce fever. Sold under brand names such as Tylenol, Liquiprin and Panadol, it works by regulating the part of your brain that controls your body's temperature and inhibits the synthesis of prostaglandin in the central nervous system. A study has found that it could reduce pleasure as well. Too much of the drug can cause rashes, liver failure and even death.

Aspirin – Aspirin is one of the cheapest and oldest manufactured painkillers on the market. German-born scientist Felix Hoffman is credited with creating and popularizing what was then known as acetylsalicylic acid in 1899 to help ease his dad's arthritis pain. Today, it is used to ease minor aches and headaches. It works by reducing the substance in the body that causes inflammation and fever. Doctors also tell some adults to take an aspirin daily to help prevent a heart attack or stroke. People with bleeding conditions like ulcers or cardiovascular troubles like asthma are often advised to take another painkiller, as it may make those conditions worse. Some Americans are also allergic to aspirin. Americans consume more than 15 billion aspirin tablets a year. Here's a guide to some of the most commonly used pain relief medications:

Marijuana – There's been a growing acceptance of marijuana as a legitimate pain reliever. The American Medical Association supports making marijuana a Schedule I controlled substance in order to promote research into its therapeutic abilities. Doctors in some states may prescribe it to ease chronic pain that comes from arthritis, migraines, Crohn's disease or other ongoing pain issues where other medicines have failed. It works by blocking the pain sensations felt by peripheral nerves. The cannabinoids in marijuana bind to endocannabinoid receptors throughout the body and can reduce pain (but also give the feeling of being high). Some research shows that it can also slow cancer development and increase appetite. Forty states and the District of Columbia allow some legal uses of marijuana, mostly for medicinal purposes.

(CNN) Ibuprofen has a negative impact on the testicles of young men, a study published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found. When taking ibuprofen in doses commonly used by athletes, a small sample of young men developed a hormonal condition that typically begins, if at all, during middle age. This condition is linked to reduced fertility.

Advil and Motrin are two brand names for ibuprofen, an over-the-counter pain reliever. CNN has contacted Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson, the makers of both brands, for comment.
The Consumer Healthcare Products Association, a trade group that represents manufacturers of over-the-counter medications and supplements, "supports and encourages continued research and promotes ongoing consumer education to help ensure safe use of OTC medicines," said Mike Tringale, a spokesman for the association. "The safety and efficacy of active ingredients in these products has been well documented and supported by decades of scientific study and real-world use."
The new study is a continuation of research that began with pregnant women, explained Bernard Jégou, co-author and director of the Institute of Research in Environmental and Occupational Health in France.

Jégou and a team of French and Danish researchers had been exploring the health effects when a mother-to-be took any one of three mild pain relievers found in medicine chests around the globe: aspirin, acetaminophen (also known as paracetamol and sold under the brand name Tylenol) and ibuprofen.
Their early experiments, published in several papers, showed that when taken during pregnancy, all three of these mild medicines affected the testicles of male babies.

Testicles and testosterone

Testicles not only produce sperm, they secrete testosterone, the primary male sex hormone.
All three drugs then are "anti-androgenic," meaning they disrupt male hormones, explained David M. Kristensen, study co-author and a senior scientist in the Department of Neurology at Copenhagen University Hospital.

The three drugs even increased the likelihood that male babies would be born with congenital malformations, Kristensen noted.
Tringale noted that pregnant and nursing women should always ask a health professional before using medicines.
Knowing this, "we wondered what would happen in the adult," he said. They focused their investigation on ibuprofen, which had the strongest effects.
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, ibuprofen is often taken by athletes, including Olympians and professional soccer players for example, before an event to prevent pain, Jégou said. Are there health consequences for the athletes who routinely use this NSAID?
The research team recruited 31 male volunteers between the ages of 18 and 35. Of these, 14 were given a daily dosage of ibuprofen that many professional and amateur athletes take: 600 milligrams twice a day, explained Jégou. (This 1200-mg-per-day dose is the maximum limit as directed by the labels of generic ibuprofen products.) The remaining 17 volunteers were given a placebo.

For the men taking ibuprofen, within 14 days, their luteinizing hormones -- which are secreted by the pituitary gland and stimulate the testicles to produce testosterone -- became coordinated with the level of ibuprofen circulating in their blood. At the same time, the ratio of testosterone to luteinizing hormones decreased, a sign of dysfunctional testicles.
This hormonal imbalance produced compensated hypogonadism, a condition associated with impaired fertility, depression and increased risk for cardiovascular events, including heart failure and stroke.

For the small group of young study participants who used ibuprofen for only a short time, "it is sure that these effects are reversible," Jégou said. However, it's unknown whether the health effects of long-term ibuprofen use are reversible, he said.
After this randomized, controlled clinical trial, the research team experimented with "little bits of human testes" provided by organ donors and then conducted test tube experiments on the endocrine cells, called Leydig and Sertoli cells, which produce testosterone, explained Jégou.

The point was to articulate "in vivo, ex vivo and in vitro" -- in the living body, outside the living body and in the test tube -- that ibuprofen has a direct effect on the testicles and so testosterone.
"We wanted to understand what happened after exposure (to ibuprofen) going from the global human physiology over to the specific organ (the testis) down to the endocrine cells producing testosterone," Kristensen said.
More than idle curiosity prompted such an extensive investigation.

Questions around male fertility

The World Health Organization estimates that one in every four couples of reproductive age in developing countries experiences childlessness despite five years of attempting pregnancy.

A separate study estimated that more than 45 million couples, or about 15% of all couples worldwide, were infertile in 2010, while another unrelated study suggested that men were solely responsible for up to 30% and contribute up to 50% of cases overall.

Meanwhile, a recent analysis published in the journal Human Reproduction Update found that sperm counts of men in North America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand are plunging. Researchers recorded a 52% decline in sperm concentration and a 59% decline in total sperm count over a nearly 40-year period ending in 2011.
Erma Z. Drobnis, an associate professional practice professor of reproductive medicine and fertility at the University of Missouri, Columbia, noted that most drugs are not evaluated for their effects on human male fertility before marketing. Drobnis, who was not involved in the new study, has done extensive research into sperm biology and fertility.

"There is evidence that some medications are particularly harmful to the male reproductive system, including testosterone, opioids, antidepressants, antipsychotics, immune modulators and even the over-the-counter antacid cimetidine (Tagamet)," she said. "However, prescribing providers rarely mention these adverse effects with patients when prescribing these medications.

She believes the new study, though small, is "important" because ibuprofen is among the most commonly used medications.
Though the new research indicates that ibuprofen disrupts the reproductive hormones in healthy young men, she thinks it's possible there's an even greater negative effect in men with low fertility. The other OTC drugs concerning for potential fathers are cimetidine and acetaminophen. She recommends that men who are planning to father a child avoid drugs for several months.

"Larger clinical trials are warranted," she said. "This is timely work that should raise awareness of medication effects on men and potentially their offspring."
Jégou agrees that more study is needed to answer many questions, including whether ibuprofen's effects on male hormones are seen at low doses and whether long-term effects are reversible.

"But the alarm has been raised now," he said. "if this serves to remind people that we are really dealing with medical drugs -- not with things which are not dangerous -- this would be a good thing."
"We need to remember that it is a pharmaceutical compound that helps a lot of people worldwide," Kristensen said. He noted, though, that of the three mild analgesics examined, ibuprofen had "the broadest endocrine-disturbing properties identified so far in men."

By Susan Scutti, CNN January 9, 2018
03 February 2018, 4:24
Taking ibuprofen while pregnant could harm the fertility of unborn baby girls, study finds

ibuprofen tablets could cause infertility
Taking ibuprofen while pregnant could affect the fertility of unborn baby girls [Photo: Getty]

Pregnant women who take Ibuprofen could be unwittingly harming the fertility of their unborn baby girls, a new study has revealed.
The research of human ovarian tissue is the first evidence that exposure to the common over-the-counter painkiller could damage the future fertility of unborn baby girls.

Taking the over-the-counter painkiller for just two days within first three months of pregnancy could cause the damage.

But even if pregnant women stop taking the painkiller, the damage could be irreversible, scientists also revealed.

Male infertility article below

The study, published in the journal Human Reproduction, involved researchers from the universities of Edinburgh and Copenhagen analysing samples from 185 aborted human foetuses aged between seven to 12 weeks.

The findings suggested that taken in the first 24 weeks of pregnancy, Ibuprofen may reduce the store of eggs in the girls’ ovaries.

Speaking about the results lead author Dr Séverine Mazaud-Guittot, at Inserm research institute in Rennes, said: “Baby girls are born with a finite number of follicles in their ovaries and this defines their future reproductive capacity as adults.”

“A poorly stocked initial reserve will result in a shortened reproductive life span, early menopause or infertility – all events that occur decades later in life,” she continued.

“The development of the follicles in the foetus has not been completed by the end of the first trimester, so if the ibuprofen treatment is short then we can expect the ovarian reserve to recover to some extent.

“However, we found that two to seven days of exposure to ibuprofen dramatically reduced the germ cell stockpile in human foetal ovaries during the first trimester of pregnancy and the ovaries did not recover fully from this damage.”

Dr Mazaud-Guittot went on to say that the study suggests that prolonged exposure to ibuprofen during foetal life may lead to long-term effects on women’s fertility and raises concern about ibuprofen consumption by women during the first 24 weeks of pregnancy.

“These findings deserve to be considered in light of the present recommendations about ibuprofen consumption during pregnancy.”

ibuprofen tablets could cause infertility
Pregnant woman are advised to take paracetamol rather than ibuprofen [Photo: Getty]

Recent figures have revealed that an estimated three in ten women take ibuprofen in the first three months of pregnancy.
According to the NHS pregnant women are generally encouraged to avoid taking ibuprofen with paracetamol recommended as a safer option.

“Ibuprofen shouldn’t be used when you’re 30 or more weeks pregnant, unless it’s on the advice of a doctor,” the site advises.

“This is because taking ibuprofen at this stage of pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of complications, including a heart problem in your baby and a reduced amount of amniotic fluid.”

The site goes on to advise pregnant women that if they have taken ibuprofen after 30 weeks of pregnancy, they should let their GP or midwife know so they can assess their baby’s wellbeing.

“The implications of our findings are that, just as with any drug, ibuprofen use should be restricted to the shortest duration and at the lowest dose necessary to achieve pain or fever relief, especially during pregnancy,” Dr Mazaud-Guittot continues.

“The wisest advice would be to follow currently accepted recommendations: paracetamol should be preferred to any anti-inflammatory drug up to 24 gestational weeks, and the latter should not be used thereafter.”

Yahoo Style UK 14H10 February 02nd, 2018
09 January 2018, 21:13
Step 1: Housing and Parts

VIDEO. How to make 100W Led Flashlight

To make this light you will need:
  • Housing:
    Here I will let you use some of your ideas. The housing can be in defferent shapes. Of chourse you can copy mine if you want. I used an aluminum pipe. And a central aluminum core as a heatsink. The important thing is the LED chip is cooled. Thats' why i mounted it on such a big piece of metal. So feel free to use my ideas about housing that are quite detailed in the video. The front and rear cover are 3d printed from ABS as well as the handle.
    I will not include the 3d files here because they are made for this exact pipe dimensions and they are easy to design if you have a 3dprinter and design software.
  • 100W led chip + reflector + lense
  • 100W led driver - search for step up constant voltage led driver
  • Lipo battery (I have used 4S 3300mAh)
  • some small electronics (switch, potentiometer, resistors)

Step 2: Mounting the Led

VIDEO. How to make 100W Led Flashlight

Mount the led on a heat sink using thermal paste.
Glue the reflector and led lens on the led with epoxy glue.
Solder wires on the led that will go to the led driver.

Advice: If your heat sink is not big enough you can add active cooling with a fan. Connect the fan directly to the battery source after the on/off switch.

Step 3: Led Driver

VIDEO. How to make 100W Led Flashlight

Choose a Led step up DC DC driver that can hold at least 100W of power.

If you want to have a dimmer option than use the attached photo to make the driver dimmable.
After you upgrade it. Make sure you set up the maximum voltage on the trimmer. The maximum voltage must be as specified by the led chip supplier. Also! note that the led chip may drain more than 100W at the maximum voltage. So check the current too. And Set the maximum voltage a bit lower if needed so you do not exceed 100W at fully opened dimmer and fully charged battery.
Or, eventually you can also choose a constant current driver and set up the current.

Connect the driver's input to the battery after the on/off switch. And the output directly to the LED chip.

Step 4: Fit Inn, Connect

VIDEO. How to make 100W Led Flashlight

Fit the driver in the tube or your own designed housing.
Leave some space for the battery.
Mount the dimmer potentiometer.
Add an on/off switch to the housing and connect it in series with the battery's positive source wire.

Advice: Since lithium batteries must not be discharged under around 3V per cell. Add an lipo checker buzzer inside the tube so it will buzz a sound when your battery is empty. Choose the 2 wire 4S one and connect it after the on/off switch. You can find those online cheap.

Step 5: Finish

VIDEO. How to make 100W Led Flashlight

Fit the battery in the tube, close the tube or your custom housing with 3d printed covers.
That's all. Some more assembly details are in the introduction video.
03 January 2018, 0:44
Underwear designed to protect women from sexual abuse is on its way

VIDEO. Underwear aims to protect women from sexual assault

A couple from America have designed a pair of pants to help protect women during a sexual assault attack.

Ruth and Yuval from Nyack, New York, crowdfunded to make their protective AR Wear and racked up an impressive $55,000 to transform their idea a reality.

As we’re all aware, rape and sexual assault is a seriously concerning, ongoing issue. In the US, an American is sexually assault every 98 seconds and over here in the UK, Rape Crisis calculates 11 adults are raped each hour.

To combat this, the inventors wanted to create underwear that would help victims should a terrifying sexual assault incident occur.

VIDEO. Underwear aims to protect women from sexual assault
AR Wear is in the early stages of development [Photo: AR Wear]

They reviewed stats from assault cases and discovered that resistance increases the chance of avoided completed rape – without putting the victim in more danger.
In response, they devised a pair of pants made from a fabric resistant to cutting and pulling. Additionally, a reinforced skeleton structure makes them incredibly difficult to remove for anyone who’s not wearing them.

They’re reportedly comfortable and discreet, meaning women can wear them with any outfit.

“Rape is about as wrong as it gets,” the brand’s website reads. “The only one responsible for a rape is the rapist and AR Wear will not solve the fundamental problem that rape exists in our world. Only by raising awareness and education, as well as bringing rapists to justice, can we all hope to eventually accomplish the goal of eliminating rape as a threat to both women and men.

“Meanwhile, as long as sexual predators continue to populate our world, AR Wear would like to provide products to women and girls that will offer better protection against some attempted rapes while the work of changing society’s rape culture moves forward.”

The product is still in the early stages of development, but eventually the duo hope to offer an array of wearable items, including running shorts, that will be able to help defend a victim. Hopefully options for men are also in the pipeline, as it’s not just women who are victims of sexual assault. Of the 87,000 British people raped a year, some 12,000 are male.

Yahoo Style UK Alison Coldridge
29 December 2017, 14:24
George Weah: From ghetto to football star to president

VIDEO. Liberia: George Weah is he new president of Liberia

- Born in 1966 in Monrovia, Liberia
- Signed for Monaco in 1988
- Scores wonder goal for AC Milan against Verona in 1996
- Retires from football in 2003
- First attempt at presidency in 2005
- Wins Senate seat 2014
- Wins Liberian presidential election 2017

VIDEO. Liberia: George Weah is he new president of Liberia

As a footballer, George Weah won accolades few could hope for, picking up the Ballon d'Or and seizing African Footballer of the Year on multiple occasions, alongside a raft of team honours.

Fewer still would dare dream of leading their countries; but after winning around 61 percent of votes in Liberia's presidential election, Weah, from the Congress for Democratic Change party, is set to do just that.

His footballing talent was honed in the slums of Monrovia, the capital of Liberia, an experience that saw him catch the attention of French club Monaco - for which he won the French Cup.

Later, Weah played for Italy's AC Milan, winning the Serie A title twice before whittling out the tail end of his career with stints at Chelsea and Manchester City, among others.

Known for his dribbling ability, Weah's most illustrious moment on the pitch came when he single-handedly dismantled an entire team, winning the ball from a Verona corner against AC Milan, and keeping a hold of it until he had placed it in the opposition net with half a dozen players trailing behind him in vain.

Political career

At the peak of elite football, the world of politics seemed distant.

But it wasn't long after his sporting career had drawn to a close that he made his fist foray into political life.

Weah led the first round of voting for Liberia's 2005 presidential election, which took place after decades of civil war and instability but eventually lost to the Unity Party's Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, who became Africa's first female president.

Defeat was a bitter pill for the former AC Milan star to swallow; Weah initially rejected the result claiming fraud.

His first step towards the presidency came in 2014, defeating Sirleaf's son Robert Sirleaf for a seat in Liberia's senate.

Weah built his political success on an anti-establishment platform, promising economic opportunities to young people.

In a country with where 70 percent of the population is under 35, and around 80 percent live on less than $1.25 a day, the message was well received.

2017 election

Weah cruised to victory in the 2017 presidential vote, beating Johnson-Sirleaf's vice president, Joseph Boakai.

Potential legal challenges his defeated rivals might launch in the wake of the vote are the only remaining hurdles between the former footballer and the top office.

Though his sporting stardom propelled his popularity, Weah's allies were keen to stress that his campaign relied on more than just celebrity.

Speaking to Al Jazeera before their runoff win, Weah's running mate Jewel Howard-Taylor said his roots in Monrovia's deprived neighbourhoods were as important as his footballing career.

His second attribute is his vision. Coming from a ghetto to reach where he did, he must have been committed and hardworking to become the best

VIDEO. Liberia: George Weah is he new president of Liberia

"Let's look at what it takes," Howard-Taylor responded when asked if she was concerned about Weah's lack of political experience.

"Football, first of all, is a team sport," she continued. "If George Weah was an individualistic person, the team would never have had a chance of winning.

"His second attribute is his vision. Coming from a ghetto to reach where he did, he must have been committed and hardworking to become the best."

That's a sentiment shared by Nigerian sports journalist, Oluwashina Okeleji.

"For a man to score goals it is easy, but to run a country is a very different challenge," he told Al Jazeera.

"As a politician, he spent around 10 years trying to get himself into power ... I think the people who mandated him with their vote, trust in him and they believe in him.

"I believe George Weah can actually deliver."

INSIDE STORY: Is Liberia on a path to a democratic transition of power? (24:31)

05 December 2017, 17:47
DR Congo's child labor spurs demand from Apple, Tesla for ethically produced cobalt

VIDEO. Apple

Some estimates say more than a third of all cars in the world could be electric in 20 years. But as the demand and interest for an obscure mineral increases, car manufactures are presented with a new challenge: acquiring enough in time to make electric vehicles.

Tesla is among the companies looking for stable and responsibly-sourced supply chains of cobalt, which helps power everything from smartphones to laptops to electric vehicles.

It's a key ingredient in lithium batteries, a product that has seen an explosion in demand recently.

But 60 percent of the world's cobalt comes from the Congo, where children often do much of the hard labor.

Because of that, Apple and Tesla are among companies refusing to use what they term "unethical cobalt" in their batteries. In 2014, a spokesperson for Tesla promised to use only cobalt mined in North America.

But mining industry analysts like Gino Chitaroni say that's just not possible.

"It is highly unlikely that there's gonna be enough cobalt to come out of here in the next year to two years that would satisfy any needs in the EV market in North America," Chitaroni said.

That's because outside of the Congo, there are few options.

Tesla alone will require 7,800 tons of cobalt for the half-a-million Model 3s the company expects to be producing annually by 2018. That's more cobalt than is mined in North America in a year.

And not all cobalt goes into batteries. Fifty-six percent of the world's production is used in military and industrial products like jet engines.

Batteries for electric vehicles require a great deal more cobalt than other products.

"Never in the history of modern mining have you seen cobalt as a primary focus for us miners," said Trent Mell of mining company First Cobalt. "It was an after-thought."

The company is one of a handful hoping to breathe new life in an old Canadian mining town.

"Our own little property itself that we have right now that we're focused on could produce enough cobalt to supply the gigafactory that Elon Musk is building today," Mell said.

Another location with substantial cobalt resources is in Idaho, where prospectors will break ground within the year. But it isn't expected to start producing cobalt for a hungry lithium battery market for at least five years.

Adding to the shortage: hedge funds buying up thousands of tons of cobalt, waiting to sell until the prices spike.

And to protect its electric-vehicle industry, China is cornering the market, aggressively buying controlling interests in all of the largest mines in the Congo.

By DON DAHLER CBS NEWS November 25, 2017, 8:48 PM
© 2017 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved.
21 October 2017, 15:00
VIDEO. In a statement on Twitter, Trump revealed he will be allowing the “long blocked” documents to be opened for the first time.

Donald Trump Authorises Release Of JFK Assassination Files
The moment President John F. Kennedy was shot in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963

Donald Trump intends to authorise the release of “classified” files relating to the assignation of 35th President John F. Kennedy, despite concerns from officials.

Trump caveated the decision as being “subject to the receipt of further information”.

The move comes against the advice of federal bodies that have expressed concern at the release of the documents.

The National Security Council warned Trump to withhold a batch of files that could shed more light on the November 1963 assassination.

Legislation passed in 1992 led to the release of millions of papers, memos and other evidence relating to the shooting, carried out by Lee Harvey Oswald.

But a stumbling block presented itself with a final cache of documents, due to be revealed by October 26 this year.

As sitting president, only Trump has the power to override the Security Council’s advice.

HuffPost UK by George Bowden Oct. 21st 2017 14H47
21 October 2017, 3:45
A new report alleges that several 2011 transactions at the Congo-based BGFIBank DRC involved companies that had been linked to Kassim Tajideen—a Lebanese-Belgian businessman who was designated by the U.S. Department of the Treasury as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist.

VIDEO. DR Congo bank helped Hezbollah company avoid US sanction
Joseph Kabila Kabange, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo sits in the chair reserved for heads of state before addressing the 72nd United Nations General Assembly at U.N. headquarters in New York, U.S., September 23, 2017. REUTERS/Eduardo Munoz - RC1C411AA540

DR Congo bank helped Hezbollah company avoid US sanction
Kassim Tajideen

EXCLUSIVE – One of the most prominent banks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo may have been diverting assets to enable financiers of terrorism avoid U.S. sanctions, an explosive new report says.

The report, entitled “The Terrorists’ Treasury,” was published Monday by The Sentry, an initiative of actor George Clooney and human rights activist John Prendergast. It raises red flags about several transactions in 2011 at BGFIBank DRC, a bank operated by the brother of Congo President Joseph Kabila.

The Sentry alleges that the transactions involved companies with links to Kassim Tajideen — a Lebanese-Belgian businessman who was added to the U.S. government’s sanction list in 2009 for his support of the Hezbollah terrorist organization.

The nonprofit says the transactions took place despite warnings from bank employees who said they might violate the U.S. sanctions. The transactions showed that BGFIBank had made wire transfers on behalf of several subsidiaries of a Tajideen company, Congo Futur, which had accounts at the bank, and was also on the U.S. sanctions list.

The Sentry investigators say they became aware of the transactions as they were investigating separate allegations that BGFIBank had been used to divert public funds, including millions in withdrawals by Congo’s electoral commission.

DR Congo bank helped Hezbollah company avoid US sanction
Kinshasa, capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo where both Congo Futur and BGFIBank DRC are headquartered. (M. Torres/iStock)

“We started off looking at BGFIBank DRC because of numerous reports that the bank had been implicated in suspect transactions involving Congolese state institutions and assets,” J.R. Mailey, Investigations Director for The Sentry, told Fox News. “What our investigation revealed what jarring but perhaps not entirely unexpected -- the same banks used by kleptocratic governments to divert state assets can also be used by terrorist financiers to move money.”

According to The Sentry report, an eagle-eyed BGFI employee first noticed the transactions in June of 2011. That employee alerted others at the bank to the transactions which involved transfers in U.S. dollar denominations to several companies. Several weeks later, the employee tied the companies to Congo Futur and recommended that the bank discontinue further transactions with those firms because of the U.S. sanctions against Congo Futur.

Other employee then discussed their concerns about the transactions in writing with BGFIBank higher-ups, according to the report.

DR Congo bank helped Hezbollah company avoid US sanction
BGFIBank DRC is headed up by Zoe Kabila (pictured left with Janet Kabila her sister) the brother of DRC President Joseph Kabila Kabange. The Sentry originally was investigating the bank for separate allegations that the banking institution had been used to divert public funds, including millions in withdrawals by Congo’s electoral commission. (Reuters)

But despite those warnings and concerns, BGFIBank continued to process the transactions and even took it one step further when they made a request to the U.S. Treasury to unblock a transaction that was put on hold for compliance reasons by another bank, the report says.

“We have seen documents showing that the transactions continued for several more months,” Mailey said. “After other financial institutions began to block Congo Futur-linked transfers initiated by BGFIBank DRC in mid-2011, the bank went so far as to request to the OFAC [U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control] to unblock these transactions. The Sentry has not seen any documents indicating that BGFIBank DRC processed any transactions for companies linked to Congo Futur or Kassim Tajideen in 2012 or after.”

But he said there is evidence that the bank continued to communicate with at least one subsidiary of Congo Futur as recently as March 2016.

A BGFIBank spokeswoman says the allegations against the bank were politically motivated and false.

“This allegation was made nearly a year ago,” the spokeswoman told Fox News in an e-mailed statement. “It was one of many highly personal and political attacks by a former employee.”

The spokeswoman said BGFIBank is an established international bank with branches in 12 countries, including France, Cote d'Ivoire and Senegal and that is independently audited by accountants at PricewaterhouseCoopers and Deloitte.

“The Bank takes its compliance responsibilities very seriously,” the spokeswoman said. “Our compliance procedures have also been reinforced with the constant technological support of our reach of correspondent bankers based in the United States of America as well as Europe. Therefore, the bank formally rejects this allegation and all other negative allegations from this source.”

This is something that the U.S. can stop completely.
- J.R. Mailey

In March, Tajideen was arrested and charged by federal prosecutors in Washington with fraud, conspiracy, money laundering and violating global terrorism sanctions. It’s alleged that he evaded the sanctions imposed on him because of his financial support of Hezbollah.

His arrest was part of “Project Cassandra,” a Drug Enforcement Administration two-year probe targeting Hezbollah’s global support network.

“Because of his support for Hezbollah, a major international terrorist group, the U.S. government imposed sanctions on Kassim Tajideen in 2009 that barred him from doing business with U.S. individuals and companies,” Acting Assistant Attorney General Kenneth Blanco said in announcing Tajideen’s arrest.

“Those sanctions are a powerful tool in our efforts to combat terrorists and those who would support them,” he said. “Indeed, the sanctions posed such a significant threat to Tajideen’s extensive business interests that he allegedly went to great lengths to evade them by hiding his identity from the U.S. entities he did business with, and from the government agencies responsible for enforcing the sanctions.”

DR Congo bank helped Hezbollah company avoid US sanction
Marriage of Ruwez Mtwale and Zoe Kabila CEO of BGFIBank

The indictment accused Tajideen of concealing his activities to the Treasury on three separate occasions in 2010, 2012 and 2014, according to The Washington Post.

Last November, The Wall Street Journal reported that the Justice Department was looking into whether a U.S.-based company had tried to mask sales of wheat-flour to firms that were linked to Tajideen.

Tajideen has pleaded not guilty.

The Sentry’s Mailey says his team did not go out looking for sanction-busting, but the discovery has serious implications.

“Even a Lebanese terrorist financier operating in Africa was making transactions using the U.S. dollar,” he said. “That shows the might of our currency.

“This is not an immovable object,” Mailey said. “This is something that the U.S. can stop completely.”

By Perry Chiaramonte, Fox News
Perry Chiaramonte is a reporter for Follow him on Twitter at @perrych

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